Houdini 17.0 Character

Posing a character

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You pose characters with the Pose tool. Using this tool at the object level, you can manipulate control objects and bones using the handles set up by the technical director.

With digital asset characters, not all controls appear when you first select the asset. Digital asset characters can use nested digital assets with simpler interfaces that let you focus on different body parts such as arms or legs. In some cases, bones might be left without controls to allow for the animation of joint rotations.

How to pose a character

To...Do this

Select the entire character

  1. In the viewer pane, turn on Select ▸ Select Entire Subnet.

  2. Use the tab menu , or press S, to choose the Transform tool.

  3. Select the character, then click to finish the selection.

  4. When you're done, turn off Select ▸ Select Entire Subnet.

Pose parts of the character

  1. Make sure Select ▸ Select Entire Subnet is off.

  2. Turn off Select ▸ Secure Selection. This will make it much easier to grab different parts of the character because you won’t have to choose Select ▸ Reselect Geometry every time.

  3. Use the tab menu to choose the Pose tool.

  4. Select a joint or pose handle (null object), then press to finish the selection.

  5. Use the translate T, rotate R, and scale E manipulators to move the joint/handle.

Switch between separate manipulators and one manipulator for multiple selected items in the Pose tool

Press X, or press and choose Global Transform Handle.

To...Do this

Use a digital asset’s controls

  1. Select the asset in the network editor pane .

  2. In the parameter editor pane , click the Controls tab to show the parameters that have been promoted up to the asset level.

Access nested digital assets

When you set up a nested character asset, you can create null objects that represent nested assets inside the main asset. Select the null object with the Pose tool to select the nested asset.

Using invisible rigs

Inserting a Pose Scope node in your skin geometry network will allow you to set up the pose_scope attribute so that you can pose geometry in the viewport without using handles. You can create groups of geometry, which you can assign channels to using Pose Scope, then click directly in the viewport and drag to pose.

This improves workflow and makes character animation easier by removing clutter from the viewport. Complicated rigs can have hundred of controllers, which can make animating quite difficult. Hiding these controls and using invisible rigs allows you to click and drag parts of the character in the viewport, which makes animating feel more like working with a stop motion puppet.

The following example uses the the Simple Female shelf tool.

  1. Click the Simple Female tool on the Characters shelf.

  2. Navigate to the Display tab and turn off Show Controls.

  3. the simplefemale1 node in the network editor, and select Allow Editing of Contents.

  4. Double-click to dive inside the simplefemale1 node and then double-click the geo_skin node to dive inside that network.

    Note

    If you click the File node, you will see that this character already has the pose_scope attribute. However, for the sake of this example we will pretend that she doesn’t.

  5. Insert a Group SOP above the last Deform SOP.

  6. Give the group a name, for example l_hand, click the selection button in the Base Group parameter, select the left hand geometry in the viewport, and press Enter.

  7. Insert a Pose Scope SOP between the Group SOP you just created and the last Deform SOP.

  8. Select the Group you just created (l_hand) from the drop down menu. You can create groups for all body parts.

    Note

    You can create groups directly in the pose scope tool, but the recommended workflow is to create separate group nodes. This will make the parameters easier to read, since you will see the names of groups as opposed to a long string of numbers. You can also list multiple groups in this parameter.

  9. Use the node chooser menu to select channels to apply to the group. For this example, we chose the translate and rotate channels.

  10. Navigate back to the object level, and click the Pose tool in the Toolbox menu to pose your character interactively in the viewport. Selecting the geometry will pop-up a wheel which will allow you to easily switch between the channels you assigned.

    If the group has more than one channel, a pop-up wheel will allow you to easily toggle between the channels. For example, the simple female character has both translate and rotate abilities on her hand.

Note

The selection flag of the skin geometry must be turned off for invisible rigs to work.

How to keyframe a character pose

See the animation section for more information on keyframing.

To...Do this

Keyframe an IK goal

  • Use the Transform tool to select the goal and press ⇧ Shift + T to set keyframes on its translation parameters.

Keyframe a blended IK/rotation set-up

  1. Use the tab menu to choose the Pose tool.

    To set keyframes on an blending setup, you must key not only the translation of the goal but also the rotation of the joints and the blend attribute on the Kin_CHOP. This is easy with the Pose tool.

  2. Press K to set keyframes on the pose handles. This keys all the parameters needed for IK/rotation blending.

How to pose bones using temporary IK

Whenever you select two bones with Pose tool, if the bones do not already have IK, Houdini will create a temporary IK solver and end goal to help you pose the bones. Once you deselect the bones, the temporary goal disappears.

One style of rigging and animating characters is to not assign any "real" IK solvers to the character at all, and do all posing with rotates and temporary IK through the Pose tool.

How to squash and stretch bones

To squash and stretch the character for cartoon-style animation anticipation and follow-through, you can do any of the following:

  • Change the Length of the bones you want to stretch.

  • Parent the bone chain to a control Null and then scale the Null to scale the descendant bones.

Character

Rigging

Animation

Panes