Houdini 16.5 Cloth

How to make a waving flag

  1. Create a Tube at the origin.

  2. Give it 40 Rows, 10 Columns, and turn on the End Caps checkbox.

  3. Dive down to the geometry level and attach a Transform node.

  4. Move the Centre of the tube up by 5 in the Y-axis, and scale it by 0.1, 6, 0.1 respectively in each axis.

  5. Go back up to the geometry level and create a Grid. Make its size 2 by 1, give it 33 rows and 65 columns, and orient it to the YZ plane.

    Tip

    When working with cloth its always most desirable to work with square shaped quads. If you need to vary the size of these quads, you’ll get the best results if you transition the size in a gradient (ie - slowly getting bigger or smaller).

  6. Put down a Transform node and position the grid so it lines up with your tube like a flag on a pole (0, 5.4, -1.1). Make sure that it doesn’t intersect the geometry of the pole in any way, because this causes problems with the solver. In general, geometry being used for cloth should never intersect itself initially, or any thing that it is meant to be colliding with.

  7. Use the Cloth Object shelf tool to turn the grid into a cloth object.

  8. Use the Rigid Collider shelf tool to turn the pole into a non-deforming, volume-based collider. In the AutoDopNetwork, increase Uniform Divisions to 200 on the Static Object.

  9. Click the Attach to Body shelf tool. Select the grid as the cloth object you want to constrain and press Enter. Then select the top and bottom corners of the grid as the points to constrain to the pole and press Enter. The cloth will automatically be constrained to the closest points on the pole.

    Tip

    Hold ⇧ Shift to select more than one point.

  10. Change the Constraint Type to Hard so that the flag stays firmly stuck to the pole at the constraint points.

  11. Use the parameters on the Drag tab of the Cloth Object to create a Wind Force that affects the flag. Set the z-component of the External Velocity Offset to -25.

    Warning

    Do not use the Wind Force or the Fan Force DOPs with Cloth. These DOP forces do not currently provide the correct force information that the Cloth Solver requires.

  12. Press play on the Playbar to view the simulation.

    Tip

    You can add a simple expression to create more interesting effects such as turbulence. For example: -10*sin(5*$T). Extend the time to 400 to see the full effect of this expression.

Cloth

Getting Started

Next Steps

Troubleshooting

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