|On this page|
This operator applies drag against a particle’s velocity. The resistance
is proportional to the particle’s speed and the value of its
attribute, which represents the particles drag coefficient, or how
"unaerodynamic" the particle is.
For particles born with some velocity (such as from a Location POP), in the absence of other forces, end of lifespan, etc., the particle will basically maintain the same velocity forever. Drag acts like wind resistance or friction in the real world, slowing down particles over time until they eventually stop.
You can apply drag to the linear velocity and/or the angular velocity of the input particles.
This operator modifies the following attributes:
Turns this node on and off. The node is only active if this value is greater than 0. This is useful to control the effect of this node with an expression.
Note that this is activation of the node as a whole. You can’t use this parameter to deactivate the node for certain particles.
Apply to Linear Velocity
Apply the drag to the linear velocity of the particles.
Apply to Angular Velocity
Apply the drag to the angular velocity of the particles.
Scaling factor for the effect of the drag.
Ignores any mass attributes on the input particles.
Replaces any mass attributes on the input particles with the value of the Mass parameter below.
Mass to use when Override mass is on.
Use the value of the Drag parameter below instead of any drag attributes on the input particles.
Drag to use when Override drag is on.
Standard POP local variables
The seconds a particle in the template has been alive.
AX AY AZ
Acceleration of the particle.
BBX BBY BBZ
The point’s relative position in the bounding box.
Point is dead.
Processing iteration number.
A collision for this particle was detected (for example, by the Collision POP) during the processing of this timestep (that is, this iteration of the particle simulation). This variable is cleared at the beginning of each timestep. Note that the collision POP actually detects any collisions which would have occurred the during the previous frame.
Percent of total life used (from 0 to 1).
Expected lifetime of particle.
MAPU MAPV MAPW
Point or vertex texture coordinates.
Total number of points.
Total number of points in source group.
NX NY NZ
The point number of the currently processed point. The
PT is not constant like
ID; it changes based on the number of points.
RESTX RESTY RESTZ
The rest position.
The sliding state of the particle.
Elasticity of a point.
Point is stopped.
1 if particle is stuck to a collision object.
TX TY TZ
Surface UV values.
VX VY VZ
Point spline weight.
Distance from particle to last collision.
HCR HCG HCB
Diffuse color at the collision point on the surface the particle collided with.
ID for last collision. You can control how this attribute is set in the Collision or Limit POP to help distinguish types of collisions.
The time at which the last collision occurred.
The texture map UV coordinates for the surface location where the last collision occurred.
HNX HNY HNZ
The normal at the surface location where the last collision occurred.
HTX HTY HTZ
World space position of the last collision.
The UV coordinates for the surface location where the last collision occurred.
Number of times the particle has collided.
Added by Color POP
Point or vertex alpha value.
CR CG CB
Diffuse point or vertex color.
Added by Property POP
Charge of the particle.
Point is clinging to geometry.
Leader to follow.
SCALEX SCALEY SCALEZ
Added by Proximity POP
Either the point number or id of the particle nearest to this one.
The distance to the nearest particle.
The number of particles within a specified proximity to this particle.
Added by Rotation POP
ROTX ROTY ROTZ
Added by Source POP
ID number, which always remains constant.
Original Source point was birthed from.
Parent’s ID Number.
Added by Speed Limit POP
Added by Sprite POP
Sprite rotation around view axis (in degrees).
Texture coordinate of sprite’s lower-left corner.
Size of sprite in texture space.
Controlled by Suppress Rule POP
Suppress default position rule.
Suppress default velocity rule.
Suppress default up-vector rule.
Suppress default aging rule.
1 if particle is suppressing its default rotation rule.
1 if particle is suppressing its default angular velocity rule.
Added by Up Vector POP
PVX PVY PVZ
UPX UPY UPZ
Absolute speed of particle.
The following examples include this node.
This example demonstrates using the Dynamics CHOP to birth particles where an impact occurs, as well as controlling the birth rate based in impulse.
This example demonstrates how to integrate a POP network with a particle fluid simulation, granting one the Total Artistic Control of POPs with the fluid dynamics of the particle fluid simulator.
This network shows the most basic example of how to use a particle system to copy geometry. A Copy SOP is used to reference a POP network (which included a Source and Drag POP) while copying a box object to every birthed particle.
Play the animation to see the result.