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singleton.h File Reference
#include "pxr/pxr.h"
#include "pxr/base/arch/pragmas.h"
#include <atomic>
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class  TfSingleton< T >

Detailed Description

Manage a single instance of an object.

Many classes (for example, registries) should have only a single, globally available instance that is created as needed on demand. This is a classic design pattern known as a singleton. Additionally, creation of this class (though not access to it per se) must be made threadsafe.

There are two possibilities in creating a singleton: you can create a class all of whose member functions and variables are static, and let users access this class. Unfortunately, instantiating the static variables of this class is prone to difficulty; more importantly, should you change your mind and wish to allow multiple instances of the class, much rewriting follows.

A better solution is to define the class with regular members and variables, and then permit only a single instance of the class to exist. This is the philosophy embodied by the TfSingleton template. It takes care of both multithreaded initialization and initialization before main; the cost of this is quite low (a single boolean comparison to access the instanced object after initial creation). The TfSingleton template works in conjunction with a macro in the source file TF_INSTANTIATE_SINGLETON(), which is itself defined by including the file "pxr/base/tf/instantiateSingleton.h".

Typical Use

The typical use of TfSingleton is as follows:

// file: registry.h
class Registry {
Registry(const Registry&) = delete;
Registry& operator=(const Registry&) = delete;
static Registry& GetInstance() {
friend class TfSingleton<Registry>;
// file: Registry.cpp
#include "common/astrology/registry.h"
// file: RandomCode.cpp
#include "common/astrology/registry.h"
void Code() {
Registry& r = Registry::GetInstance();

The constructor and destructor are declared private, and the singleton object will typically delete its copy constructor and assignment operator to prevent copying. Note that singleton objects quite commonly also make use of TfRegistryManager to acquire the data they need throughout a program.

The friend class TfSingleton<Registry> is the only class allowed to create an instance of a Registry. The helper function Registry::GetInstance() is for convenience only; one can just as well call the longer TfSingleton<Registry>::GetInstance() to obtain a reference to the sole instance of the registry.

Definition in file singleton.h.