Houdini 16.5 Nodes Dynamics nodes

POP VOP dynamics node

Runs CVEX on a particle system.

On this page

The POP VOP operation runs CVEX over a set of particles. The CVEX shader can be defined as a .vfl file, a SHOP, or by building a CVEX VOP network inside this node. The last is the most straightforward approach.

Binding to the CVEX script controls what attributes are passed to which parameters of the script. The default AutoBind will use the name of the attributes to determine which parameter they should override. If that parameter is marked as exported in the CVEX script, the attribute will be written to and/or created. Otherwise, the attribute is just read to get the parameter’s values.

Optionally, you can also bind read-only field parameters. These will be sampled at the attribute’s location in space and passed to CVEX.



Turns this node on and off. The node is only active if this value is greater than 0. This is useful to control the effect of this node with an expression.


This is activation of the node as a whole. You can’t use this parameter to deactivate the node for certain particles.


Only affect a group of points (created with, for example, a Group POP or Collision Detection POP) out of all the points in the current stream.

Vex Setup

Vex Source

Where to get the CVEX script from. Myself will refer to the VOP network built inside this node. SHOP will use the Shop Path and Script will load the .vex file specified in the script.

Shop Path

The CVEX SHOP to apply.

This can also point to any node that contains a CVEX VOP Network.


Referenced nodes parameters will be used.


The CVEX script to apply.

Re-load VEX Functions

When in script mode, this reloads any .vex files to account for updates made outside of Houdini.


The command line used by VOPs to compile the inside of this node.

Force Compile

Trigger a recompile of the VOP network.

Evaluation Node Path

VEX functions like ch() usually evaluate with respect to this node. Providing a path here can override where the path search starts from. This is useful for embedding in a digital asset where you would like the top level digital asset to be the search root.

Export Parameters

When a VEX parameter is exported, the bound attribute will be created if it doesn’t exist. This pattern can be used to override the export option on the VEX shader to avoid writing to or creating certain attributes. The pattern matches the VEX parameter, not the bound attribute. The attribute will still be bound for reading.

Enable Multithreading

There should be no threading issues with VEX. In the unlikely event that there are, this will allow you to determine which node is guilty, and work around it without turning off threading on a global scale.

Volume Bindings

Data Bindings


The list of the geometry on the object to process.

Autobind by Name

Will use the name of the attribute to determine which attribute binds with which parameter.

Integer attributes will bind to integer parameters. Float attributes will bind to float, vector, point, matrix, or matrix4 depending on their tuple size. String attributes will bind to strings.

Attribute Name, VEX Parameter

Manually specifies the bindings of each attribute.

Field Name, VEX Parameter

Optionally binds Scalar, Vector, Matrix, or Index fields from this object to the CVEX function. They will be sampled at the current P location of each element.

Autobind Groups by Name

Automatically bind any groups to the integer parameter prefixed with group_.

Group Name, VEX Parameter

Manually specifies the bindings of each group.

Update Normals If Displaced

If points are being run over, and the P attribute is written to, but the N attribute is not written to, any incoming normals will become out of date. When this option is set, vertex and point normals will be updated when this occurs.


Input 1, 2, 3, 4

These control the four virtual inputs accessible inside of VOPs.

They can be accessed with the OpInput1-4 wires from the VOP, or with the @OpInput1-4 string parameters when using VEXpressions.

They can also be accessed numerically as 0-3 with VEX functions that take an input number.


No geometry is wired to this input.


The SOP geometry will be cooked prior to running the VEX and the result wired to this input.

DOP Data

Data in the current simulation to reference. Specified as an object/data, for example, pyro1/vel to refer to the velocity field of the pyro1 object (which will show up as three volume primitives)


Referring to the geometry currently being processed is special as you have to ensure a copy is made so the VEX functions can refer to its original form. This handles that for you.

Nth Context Geometry

These refer to the SOPs wired into the parent DOP Network itself.

Myself (No Reads from Outputs)

Refers the currently processed geometry. Does not make a copy so it is up to the user to ensure no reads are made from any attributes that are bound.

SOP Path

Path to a SOP to wire in.

DOP Data

Object/data path a piece of DOP data in THIS simulation to wire in.


Use Timestep

Determines if the current solver timestep will be used to apply this node.

If set, the current timestep size will be multiplied by the scale and used for the time increment for this operation. Otherwise, the time scale will specify an absolute fictitious time to integrate by.

By disabling the link between the actual real time and the microsolver time, you can perform operations in a separate, fictitious, time.

Time Scale

The timestep used for this microsolver will be scaled by this amount. This allows one to achieve non-realistic effects, such as parts of the simulation operating at different speeds than other parts.

Similarly, it is useful if a solver needs to be evaluated independently of the main timestep.

Parameter Operations

Each data option parameter has an associated menu which specifies how that parameter operates.

Use Default

Use the value from the Default Operation menu.

Set Initial

Set the value of this parameter only when this data is created. On all subsequent timesteps, the value of this parameter is not altered. This is useful for setting up initial conditions like position and velocity.

Set Always

Always set the value of this parameter. This is useful when specific keyframed values are required over time. This could be used to keyframe the position of an object over time, or to cause the geometry from a SOP to be refetched at each timestep if the geometry is deforming.

You can also use this setting in conjunction with the local variables for a parameter value to modify a value over time. For example, in the X Position, an expression like $tx + 0.1 would cause the object to move 0.1 units to the right on each timestep.

Set Never

Do not ever set the value of this parameter. This option is most useful when using this node to modify an existing piece of data connected through the first input.

For example, an RBD State DOP may want to animate just the mass of an object, and nothing else. The Set Never option could be used on all parameters except for Mass, which would use Set Always.

Default Operation

For any parameters with their Operation menu set to Use Default, this parameter controls what operation is used.

This parameter has the same menu options and meanings as the Parameter Operations menus, but without the Use Default choice.

Make Objects Mutual Affectors

All objects connected to the first input of this node become mutual affectors.

This is equivalent to using an Affector DOP to create an affector relationship between * and * before connecting it to this node. This option makes it convenient to have all objects feeding into a solver node affect each other.


When an object connector is attached to the first input of this node, this parameter can be used to choose a subset of those objects to be affected by this node.

Data Name

Indicates the name that should be used to attach the data to an object or other piece of data. If the Data Name contains a "/" (or several), that indicates traversing inside subdata.

For example, if the Fan Force DOP has the default Data Name "Forces/Fan". This attaches the data with the name "Fan" to an existing piece of data named "Forces". If no data named "Forces" exists, a simple piece of container data is created to hold the "Fan" subdata.

Different pieces of data have different requirements on what names should be used for them. Except in very rare situations, the default value should be used. Some exceptions are described with particular pieces of data or with solvers that make use of some particular type of data.

Unique Data Name

Turning on this parameter modifies the Data Name parameter value to ensure that the data created by this node is attached with a unique name so it will not overwrite any existing data.

With this parameter turned off, attaching two pieces of data with the same name will cause the second one to replace the first. There are situations where each type of behavior is desirable.

If an object needs to have several Fan Forces blowing on it, it is much easier to use the Unique Data Name feature to ensure that each fan does not overwrite a previous fan rather than trying to change the Data Name of each fan individually to avoid conflicts.

On the other hand, if an object is known to have RBD State data already attached to it, leaving this option turned off will allow some new RBD State data to overwrite the existing data.

Solver Per Object

The default behavior for solvers is to attach the exact same solver to all of the objects specified in the group. This allows the objects to be processed in a single pass by the solver, since the parameters are identical for each object. However, some objects operate more logically on a single object at a time. In these cases, one may want to use $OBJID expressions to vary the solver parameters across the objects. Setting this toggle will create a separate solver per object, allowing $OBJID to vary as expected.


First Input

This optional input has two purposes.

First, if it is wired to other POP nodes, they will be executed prior to this node executing. The chain of nodes will be processed in a top-down manner.

Second, if the input chain has a stream generator (such as POP Location, POP Source, or POP Stream), this node will only operate on the particles in that stream.


First Output

The output of this node should be wired into a solver chain.

Merge nodes can be used to combine multiple solver chains.

The final wiring should go into one of the green inputs of a full-solver, such as POP Solver or FLIP Solver.

See also

Dynamics nodes