Houdini 16.5 Nodes Dynamics nodes

Switch dynamics node

Passes one of the input object or data streams to the output.

On this page

The Switch DOP accepts any number of object or data streams as input, and sends just one of them through to its output. All inputs connected to this node must be of the same type, either objects or data, not a mix of the two.

When objects are connected to the inputs, the objects on the other streams are removed from the simulation. This can be used to easily switch from simulating one set of objects to another part way through the simulation. It can also be used to select from a variety of object creation mechanisms.

When data streams are connected to the inputs, the switch parameter is evaluated for each object that wants data from this node. This node can be used to assign one of a set of data to each object based on some information about each object, or even randomly.

Note

Use the Switch Solver DOP if switching between solvers. Otherwise solve order can become inconsistent.

Parameters

Select Input

The zero based index of the input number which should be passed through to the output.

When switching objects streams, this parameter is evaluated only once, and so cannot include any object specific local variables.

When switching data streams, this parameter is evaluated for each object attaching this data and so object specific local variables can be used.

Inputs

All

The objects or data coming into the input specified by the Select Input parameter are passed through to the single output.

Outputs

First

The objects or data coming into the input specified by the Select Input parameter are passed through to the single output.

Locals

ST

This value is the simulation time for which the node is being evaluated.

This value may not be equal to the current Houdini time represented by the variable T, depending on the settings of the DOP Network Offset Time and Time Scale parameters.

This value is guaranteed to have a value of zero at the start of a simulation, so when testing for the first timestep of a simulation, it is best to use a test like $ST == 0 rather than $T == 0 or $FF == 1.

SF

This value is the simulation frame (or more accurately, the simulation time step number) for which the node is being evaluated.

This value may not be equal to the current Houdini frame number represented by the variable F, depending on the settings of the DOP Network parameters. Instead, this value is equal to the simulation time (ST) divided by the simulation timestep size (TIMESTEP).

TIMESTEP

This value is the size of a simulation timestep. This value is useful to scale values that are expressed in units per second, but are applied on each timestep.

SFPS

This value is the inverse of the TIMESTEP value. It is the number of timesteps per second of simulation time.

SNOBJ

This is the number of objects in the simulation. For nodes that create objects such as the Empty Object node, this value will increase for each object that is evaluated.

A good way to guarantee unique object names is to use an expression like object_$SNOBJ.

NOBJ

This value is the number of objects that will be evaluated by the current node during this timestep. This value will often be different from SNOBJ, as many nodes do not process all the objects in a simulation.

This value may return 0 if the node does not process each object sequentially (such as the Group DOP).

OBJ

This value is the index of the specific object being processed by the node. This value will always run from zero to NOBJ-1 in a given timestep. This value does not identify the current object within the simulation like OBJID or OBJNAME, just the object’s position in the current order of processing.

This value is useful for generating a random number for each object, or simply splitting the objects into two or more groups to be processed in different ways. This value will be -1 if the node does not process objects sequentially (such as the Group DOP).

OBJID

This is the unique object identifier for the object being processed. Every object is assigned an integer value that is unique among all objects in the simulation for all time. Even if an object is deleted, its identifier is never reused.

The object identifier can always be used to uniquely identify a given object. This makes this variable very useful in situations where each object needs to be treated differently. It can be used to produce a unique random number for each object, for example.

This value is also the best way to look up information on an object using the dopfield expression function. This value will be -1 if the node does not process objects sequentially (such as the Group DOP).

ALLOBJIDS

This string contains a space separated list of the unique object identifiers for every object being processed by the current node.

ALLOBJNAMES

This string contains a space separated list of the names of every object being processed by the current node.

OBJCT

This value is the simulation time (see variable ST) at which the current object was created.

Therefore, to check if an object was created on the current timestep, the expression $ST == $OBJCT should always be used. This value will be zero if the node does not process objects sequentially (such as the Group DOP).

OBJCF

This value is the simulation frame (see variable SF) at which the current object was created.

This value is equivalent to using the dopsttoframe expression on the OBJCT variable. This value will be zero if the node does not process objects sequentially (such as the Group DOP).

OBJNAME

This is a string value containing the name of the object being processed.

Object names are not guaranteed to be unique within a simulation. However, if you name your objects carefully so that they are unique, the object name can be a much easier way to identify an object than the unique object identifier, OBJID.

The object name can also be used to treat a number of similar objects (with the same name) as a virtual group. If there are 20 objects named "myobject", specifying strcmp($OBJNAME, "myobject") == 0 in the activation field of a DOP will cause that DOP to operate only on those 20 objects. This value will be the empty string if the node does not process objects sequentially (such as the Group DOP).

DOPNET

This is a string value containing the full path of the current DOP Network. This value is most useful in DOP subnet digital assets where you want to know the path to the DOP Network that contains the node.

Note

Most dynamics nodes have local variables with the same names as the node’s parameters. For example, in a Position node, you could write the expression:

$tx + 0.1

…to make the object move 0.1 units along the X axis at each timestep.

Examples

The following examples include this node.

AutoFracturing Example for Copy Objects dynamics node

This example shows how to use the Copy Object DOP, in conjunction with a Multi Solver, to automatically break an RBD object in half whenever it impacts another object.

TypesOfDrag Example for Drag Force dynamics node

This sample illustrates three different ways to apply drag on an rbd object: by dragging the linear velocity, by dragging the angular velocity, or by directly changing the angular velocity.

DensityViscosity Example for FLIP Solver dynamics node

This example demonstrates two fluids with different densities and viscosities interacting with a solid object.

FlipColorMix Example for FLIP Solver dynamics node

This example demonstrates the use of the Flip Solver to mix the colors of a red fluid with a blue fluid to form a purple fluid.

dopexample_gasnetfetchdata Example for Gas Net Fetch Data dynamics node

This example demonstrates the use of Gas Net Fetch Data to have two separate dop simulations exchange data.

grass

This example simulates grass being pushed down by an RBD object. Fur Objects are used to represent the blades of grass and Wire Objects are used to simulate the motion. When a single Fur Object is used to represent the grass, neighbouring blades of grass will have similar motion. Additional objects with different stiffness values can be used to make the motion less uniform. When "Complex Mode" is enabled, two objects are used to represent the grass. The stiffness of each set of curves can be controlled by adjusting the "Angular Spring Constant" and "Linear Spring Constant" parameters on the corresponding Wire Objects.

FluidGlass Example for Particle Fluid Solver dynamics node

This example demonstrates how to get a smooth fluid stream to pour into a glass.

SphereAxisForce Example for POP Axis Force dynamics node

This example shows three different ways in which the POP Axis Force node can be used with it’s type set to sphere to control your particle simulation.

ColorVex Example for POP Color dynamics node

This example shows three different ways to use VEXpressions in your POP Color node to color your particles.

CurveForce Example for POP Curve Force dynamics node

This example demonstrates the use of the POP Curve Force node to control the flow of a particle sim AND a flip fluid sim.

BillowyTurbine Example for Pyro Solver dynamics node

This example uses the Pyro Solver and a Smoke Object which emits billowy smoke up through a turbine (an RBD Object). The blades of the turbine are created procedurally using Copy, Circle, and Align SOPs.

RBDtoSmokeHandoff Example for Smoke Object dynamics node

This example shows a way to turn an RBD object into smoke. It uses multiple different colored smoke fields inside the same smoke object.

SourceVorticlesAndCollision Example for Smoke Object dynamics node

This example demonstrates a simple smoke system using a source, keyframed RBD collision objects, and vorticles.

FractureExamples Example for Voronoi Fracture Solver dynamics node

This example actually includes eight examples of ways that you can use voronoi fracturing in Houdini. In particular, it shows how you can use the Voronoi Fracture Solver and the Voronoi Fracture Configure Object nodes in your fracture simulations. Turn on the display flags for these examples one at a time to play the animation and dive down into each example to examine the setup.

CurveAdvection Example for Wire Solver dynamics node

This example demonstrates how to advect curves based on a pyro simulation. An Attribute Wrangle SOP is used to sample the velocity from the volume and apply it to a wire object.

RampParameter Example for Parameter VOP node

This example shows how to control the particle colours using the temperature attributes from a pyro simulation using a Ramp Parameter VOP node.

See also

Dynamics nodes