This camera enables the rendering of VR images. There are a range of projection formats offering stereoscopic output for different devices.
All VR-specific controls are located under the VR tab.
The left menu chooses the order in which transforms are applied (for example, scale, then rotate, then translate). This can change the position and orientation of the object, in the same way that going a block and turning east takes you to a different place than turning east and then going a block.
The right menu chooses the order in which to rotate around the X, Y, and Z axes. Certain orders can make character joint transforms easier to use, depending on the character.
Translation along XYZ axes.
Degrees rotation about XYZ axes.
Local origin of the object. See also setting the pivot point .
This menu contains options for manipulating the pre-transform values. The pre-transform is an internal transform that is applied prior to the regular transform parameters. This allows you to change the frame of reference for the translate, rotate, scale parameter values below without changing the overall transform.
This reverts the translate, rotate, scale parameters to their default values while maintaining the same overall transform.
This sets the translate parameter to (0, 0, 0) while maintaining the same overall transform.
This sets the rotate parameter to (0, 0, 0) while maintaining the same overall transform.
This sets the scale parameter to (1, 1, 1) while maintaining the same overall transform.
This removes the pre-transform by setting the translate, rotate, and scale parameters in order to maintain the same overall transform. Note that if there were shears in the pre-transform, it can not be completely removed.
This completely removes the pre-transform without changing any parameters. This will change the overall transform of the object if there are any non-default values in the translate, rotate, and scale parameters.
Keep Position When Parenting
When the object is re-parented, maintain its current world position by changing the object’s transform parameters.
When the object is being transformed, maintain the current world transforms of its children by changing their transform parameters.
Enable Constraints Network on the object.
Path to a CHOP Constraints Network. See also creating constraints.
You can you use the Constraints drop down button to activate one of the Constraints Shelf Tool. If you do so, the first pick session is filled automatically by nodes selected in the parameter panel.
Whether or not this object is displayed in the viewport and rendered. Turn on the checkbox to have Houdini use this parameter, then set the value to 0 to hide the object in the viewport and not render it, or 1 to show and render the object. If the checkbox is off, Houdini ignores the value.
Set Wireframe Color
Use the specified wireframe color
The display color of the object
Viewport Selecting Enabled
Object is capable of being picked in the viewport.
Script to run when the object is picked in the viewport. See select scripts .
Cache Object Transform
Caches object transforms once Houdini calculates them. This is especially useful for objects whose world space position is expensive to calculate (such as Sticky objects), and objects at the end of long parenting chains (such as Bones). This option is turned on by default for Sticky and Bone objects.
See the OBJ Caching section of the Houdini Preferences window for how to control the size of the object transform cache.
Scales the viewport geometry. This parameter is only for display purposes.
The output resolution in pixels. Standard presets are available via the pull down menu to the right of the parameter.
Pixel aspect ratio
The pixel aspect ratio of the output image.
Type of camera projection used for rendering (for example, perspective or orthographic).
This simulates the classic pinhole camera where camera rays emanate from a common camera origin through a flat camera plane.
This uses parallel camera rays that are orthogonal to the (flat) camera plane. The width of the view volume is determined by the Ortho Width parameter below.
This projection uses a spherical camera plane for rendering.
This projection uses a cylindrical camera plane for rendering.
Lens Shader: Use a lens shader to initialize rays for ray tracing.
Selecting Polar, Cylindrical or Lens Shader will automatically switch the Rendering Engine (on the output driver) to Ray Tracing, as it is impossible to render these projections with micropolygon rendering.
Camera focal length (zoom).
The units used for the focal length.
Width of the visible field.
You can obtain a good fit between the Houdini camera and a real world camera by matching a measured lens’s horizontal angle of view, and deriving a Houdini focal length value that reproduces it with the default aperture 41.4214.
The default aperture combined with the default focal length of 50mm produces a 45 degree field of view.
Width of orthographic view volume when using Projection is set to Orthographic.
Position of near clipping plane.
Position of far clipping plane.
Screen window X/Y
Define the center of the window during the rendering process.
Screen window size
Scale for expanding the cropped area specified by the Crop parameters.
Screen window mask
Sets the screen window mask to cover the bounding box of the selected object(s).
Left cropping margin for camera’s view area.
Right cropping margin for camera’s view area.
Bottom cropping margin for camera’s view area.
Top cropping margin for camera’s view area.
Sets the pixel crop region to cover the bounding box of the selected object(s).
You can optionally add the spare parameter Visible Objects from the Parameter Interface. This allows you to control which objects are displayed in the viewport when looking through the camera.
The shutter time refers to the portion of a frame the shutter is actually open. On a physical camera, this if often referred to as Shutter Speed. The renderer uses this determine motion blur. The value should be in the range
A value of 0 for the shutter time would mean that there is no motion blur at all, as the shutter is only “Open” for an instant. A value of 1 on the other hand would mean that the shutter is open for the entire length of the frame.
In the above example the sphere is rotating a full 360 degrees over the course of a single frame. You can see how the length of the “motion trail” or “blur” changes based on the shutter time. In most cases, the default value of .5 is appropriate for animated sequences and a good match for real world settings.
Keep in mind that this parameter controls the amount of time within a single frame, that the shutter is open. It does not refer to how long an individual frame is. To adjust the frame rate, change the Frames per Second parameter in the Global Animation Options.
The lens focal distance and distance from the camera at which objects will be in focus. This is only used when rendering using depth of field. Objects outside this distance will be blurred.
Lens fstop. This is only used when rendering using depth of field. Determines blurriness of depth of field effects.
Filter kernel used in depth of field rendering. Use the pop-up menu to the right of the text box to choose from the available options.
Radial bokeh (
Use a gaussian filter kernel (highest quality).
Image file bokeh (
Use an image file
Box filter bokeh (
Use a box filter kernal.
Disable bokeh (
Do not filter.
Bokeh image file
The file to use for “file” shaped bokeh. White/black cutout images that delineate the shape of the lens are good candidates, where white regions represent the areas that light passes through.
The rotation for “file” shaped bokeh.
Selects the layout of stereo pairs. Stereo outputs pairs side-by-side. Left Over/Right Under outputs pairs with left on top and right on bottom. Right Over/Left Under outputs pairs with right on top and left on bottom. Left Eye outputs only the left eye. Right Eye outputs only the right eye.
Selects the type of projection to use for stereo pairs. Latlong uses a spherical projection. Perspective uses a standard perspective projection. Cube Map - NVIDIA uses a cube format like the 'NVIDIA Texture Tools' utility. Cube Map - 3×2 uses a stacked cube format.
Preserve Aspect Ratio
Toggling this parameter will keep the camera’s image aspect ratio the same independent of the Projection type.
The type of correction to apply at the poles of the projection. None disables correction. Linear blends the correction between Merge Angle and the poles. Smooth blends the correction using a smooth curve between Merge Angle and the poles.
The angle (in degrees) from the poles beyond which correction is applied.
Field Of View
When Projection is set to Perspective this controls the field of view of the camera.
When Projection is set to Perspective this controls the near clipping plane of the camera.
When Projection is set to Perspective this controls the far clipping plane of the camera.
When Projection is set to Perspective this controls the distortion of the lens. Positive values result in a “barrel” distortion effect. Negative values result in a “pin-cushion” distortion effect.
When Projection is set to Perspective this controls the cubic coefficient of the lens distortion.
Determines the distance between left and right eyes, or “interpupillary distance” (IPD), of the viewer. This should be set according to the scale of your scene. The default value is set based on average human metrics in meters.
Eye To Neck Distance
Determines the distance from the eyes to the neck of the viewer. The camera will be offset in Y along this distance, and if rotated will pivot from the base of the neck, not the eye-nodal point. This should be set according to the scale of your scene. The default value is set based on average human metrics in meters.