# Limit channel node

Provides a variety of functions to limit and quantize the input channels.

This CHOP provides a variety of functions to limit and quantize the input channels.

Limiting a channel causes all its values to lie within a range. Several different methods are available for limiting:

Off

Do not limit the values.

Clamp

Simply cut the channel value off if it is out of the Maximum/Minimum range, and replace it with the Maximum or Minimum limit value.

Loop

Continue the channel at the other end of the interval.

Zigzag

Mirror the values back inside the interval.

Quantizing a channel value snaps its values to the closest allowable value (the “quantized values”). Quantizing methods are: Floor, Ceiling, and Round.

Quantizing a channel index is like quantizing in time, and acts as a sample and hold mechanism. The channel is sampled at a quantized index, and held at that value until the next quantized index at which time the value takes on the input value at that point.

## Limit

Type

The limit function to use:

Off

Do not limit the values.

Clamp

Simply cut the channel value off if it is out of the Maximum/Minimum range, and replace it with the Maximum or Minimum limit value.

Loop

Continue the channel at the other end of the interval.

Zigzag

Mirror the values back inside the interval.

Maximum

The maximum value the output channel can have.

Minimum

The minimum value the output channel can have.

Positive Only

Takes the absolute value of the channel, making all negative values positive.

Normalize

Scale and shift the channel so that it lies between -1 and +1.

## Quantize

Quantize Value

Selects the quantization method to use: Off, Floor, Ceiling, and Round.

Value Step

The increment between quantized values.

Value Offset

The offset for quantized values, to allow steps to not lie at zero, the default.

Quantize Index

Selects whether to quantize the index relative to the sample 0, or the start index of the CHOP.

Index Step

The increment between quantized indices, in seconds, frames or samples.

Index Offset

The offset for quantized indices.

## Common

Some of these parameters may not be available on all CHOP nodes.

Scope

To determine which channels get affected, some CHOPs have a scope string. Patterns can be used in the scope, for example `*` (match all), and `?` (match single character).

The following are examples of possible channel name matching options:

`chan2`

Matches a single channel name.

`chan3 tx ty tz`

Matches four channel names, separated by spaces.

`chan*`

Matches each channel that starts with `chan`.

`t?`

The `?` matches a single character. `t?` matches two-character channels starting with t.

`r[xyz]`

Matches channels `rx`, `ry` and `rz`.

`blend[3-7:2]`

Matches number ranges giving `blend3`, `blend5`, and `blend7`.

`blend[2-3,5,13]`

Matches channels `blend2`, `blend3`, `blend5`, `blend13`.

`t[xyz]`

`[xyz]`matches three characters, giving channels `tx`, `ty` and `tz`.

Sample Rate Match

The Sample Rate Match Options handle cases where multiple input CHOPs’ sample rates are different.

Resample At First Input’s Rate

Use rate of first input to resample others.

Resample At Maximum Rate

Resample to highest sample rate.

Resample At Minimum Rate

Resample to the lowest sample rate.

Error if Rates Differ

Does not accept conflicting sample rates.

Units

The units for which time parameters are specified.

For example, you can specify the amount of time a lag should last for in seconds (default), frames (at the Houdini FPS), or samples (in the CHOP’s sample rate).

Time Slice

Time Slicing is a feature which boosts cooking performance and reduces memory usage. Traditionally, CHOPs calculate the channel over its entire frame range. If the channel does need to be evaluated every frame, then cooking the entire range of the channel is unnecessary. It is more efficient to calculate only the fraction of the channel that is needed. This fraction is known as a Time Slice.

Causes the memory consumed by a CHOP to be released after it is cooked and the data passed to the next CHOP.

Export Prefix

The Export prefix is prepended to CHOP channel names to determine where to export to.

For example, if the CHOP channel was named `geo1:tx`, and the prefix was `/obj`, the channel would be exported to `/obj/geo1/tx`.

Graph Color

Every CHOP has this option. Each CHOP gets a default color assigned for display in the Graph port, but you can override the color in the Common page under Graph Color. There are 36 RGB color combinations in the Palette.

Graph Color Step

When the graph displays the animation curves and a CHOP has two or more channels, this defines the difference in color from one channel to the next, giving a rainbow spectrum of colors.

## Locals

C

the current channel (0 to NC-1).

NC

the total number of channels.

## Examples

LimitBasic Example for Limit channel node

This example file uses the Limit CHOP both to limit the height and to “quantize” the values of a channel.

By limiting the height the Limit CHOP can keep data values from going to high or from falling to low. To “quantize” the data, the curve is broken into steps rather than a smooth curve.

# Channel nodes

• Design audio filters and sound materials for the spatial audio system.

• Imports an animation clip from an agent primitive.

• Calculates the area under a channel’s graph, which is the same as calculating the integral of a channel, or integrating the channel.

• Receives audio input from the analog audio ports or the digital port.

• A 14-band equalizer which filters audio input channels in the same way that a conventional band equalizer uses a bank of sliders to filter fixed-frequency bands of sound.

• Manually tap the beat of a piece of music, and automatically generate a repeating ramp or pulse that continues to keep time with the music after the taps stop.

• Combines two or more chops in input 2, 3 and so on, by using a set of blending channels in input 1.

• Performs multi-dimensional, example-based interpolation of channels.

• Creates channels from the value of its parameters.

• Contains a VOP network that can manipulate channel data.

• Runs a VEX snippet to modify channel data.

• Channel nodes create, filter, and manipulate channel data.

• Layers (blends) the channels of one CHOP on the channels of another CHOP.

• Create up to forty new channels.

• Combines two or more CHOP inputs using a list of weights specified as parameters.

• Returns an Object Local Transform.

• Returns an Object Parent Transform.

• Returns an Object World Transform.

• Constrains rotation so it always points toward a target position.

• Compares two objects and returns information on their relative positions and orientations.

• Compares two objects and returns information on their relative positions and orientations.

• Returns an Object Pretransform.

• Applies an transformation offset after evaluating a constraint.

• Reparent an object.

• Position an object on a path and orient it to the path’s direction.

• Position and Orient an object using point positions from a geometry.

• Combines multiple chops by blending the inputs in sequence.

• Combines two chops by using a single weight specified as a parameter.

• Position and Orient an object using the surface of a geometry.

• Takes translate, rotate, and/or scale channels and transforms them.

• Produces multiple copies of the second input along the timeline of the first input.

• Counts the number of times a channel crosses a trigger or release threshold.

• Creates cycles.

• Delays the input, and can be run in normal or time-sliced mode.

• Removes channels coming from its input.

• Turns data from device inputs into transform data

• Time-warps the node’s first input (source clip) using its second input (reference clip) as a reference.

• Extracts any information from a DOP simulation that is accessible through the dopfield expression function.

• Outputs the maximum amplitude in the vicinity of each sample of the input.

• Fixes discontinuity of rotation data after cracking matrices

• A convenient tool for exporting channels.

• Export Constraints Network on any object

• Export Transforms to Constraints Network of many objects

• Modify input channels by using expressions.

• Only sets the extend conditions of a chop, which determines what values you get when sampling the CHOP before or after its interval.

• Extracts the current world or local space bone transforms from a geometry object.

• Extracts locomotion from an animation clip.

• Creates channels from the specified derived transforms, node parameters and CHOP channels for pose-space deformation.

• Reads in channel data from an FBX file.

• Used for controlling other CHOPs.

• Get the state of a chop as it was one frame or time slice ago.

• Imports channels from other CHOPs.

• Imports channels from other OPs.

• Reads in channel and audio files for use by chops.

• Smooths or sharpens the input channels.

• Computes when position channels are stationary.

• Divides the input channels into groups, cooking the contained network for each group.

• Provides more complicated math functions than found in the Math CHOP such as trigonometic functions, logarithmic functions, and exponential functions.

• Turns input values for the gamepad or joystick device into channel outputs.

• Uses a geometry object to choose a sop from which the channels will be created.

• The engine which drives Inverse Kinematic solutions using the Handle object.

• Sample and hold the value of the first input.

• Solves inverse kinematics rotations for bone chains.

• Returns an identity transform.

• Converts rows and/or columns of pixels in an image to CHOP channels.

• Treats its multiple-inputs as keyframes and interpolates between them.

• Generates channels for bone objects based on a bone chain and an end affector.

• Returns an invert transform of the input.

• Creates a jiggling effect in the translate channels passed in.

• Turns key presses into channel output.

• Adds lag and overshoot to channels.

• Mix weighted layers of keyframed animation from multiple Channel CHOPs to a base Channel CHOP.

• Provides a variety of functions to limit and quantize the input channels.

• Converts channels of all its input chops into binary channels and combines them using a variety of logic operations.

• Uses a channel in the first input to index into a lookup table in the second input, and output values from the lookup table.

• The MIDI In CHOP reads Note events, Controller events, Program Change events, and Timing events from both midi devices and files.

• The MIDI Out CHOP sends MIDI events to any available MIDI devices.

• Perform a variety of arithmetic operations on and between channels.

• Takes multiple inputs and merges them into the output.

• Outputs X and Y screen values for the mouse device.

• Turns input values for the Connexion space mouse into channel outputs.

• Post multiplies all the input transformations.

• Similar to the Pipe In/Out CHOPs in Network mode.

• Makes an irregular wave that never repeats, with values approximately in the range -1 to +1.

• Used as a place-holder and does not have a function of its own.

• Compares two objects and returns information on their relative positions and orientations.

• Creates channels representing the transforms for a chain of objects.

• Generates sounds in two ways.

• Marks the output of a sub-network.

• Filters an audio clip, and then applies other audio effects.

• Produces translate and rotate channels to move Objects according to the positions of particles in a POP Network.

• Filters audio input using one of four different filter types.

• Translates english text into a series of phonetic values.

• Pipes data from custom devices into a CHOP, without needing the Houdini Developers' Kit or knowledge of Houdini internals.

• Transmit data out of Houdini to other processes.

• Attempts to extract the fundamental pitch of a musical tone from the input audio.

• Store a transform pose for later use by evaluating the input.

• Computes the difference between two poses.

• Takes translate, rotate, and/or scale channels and transforms them using the pretransform of the given object.

• Generates pulses at regular intervals of one channel.

• Renames channels.

• Reorders the first input CHOP’s channels by numeric or alphabetic patterns.

• Resamples an input’s channels to a new rate and/or start/end interval.

• Takes all its inputs and appends one chop after another.

• This time-shifts a CHOP, changing the start and end of the CHOP’s interval.

• Reorganizes a list of channels.

• Calculates the slope (or derivative) of the input channels.

• The rendering engine for producing 3D audio.

• Calculates the frequency spectrum of the input channels, or a portion of the channels.

• Edit the channel data by using direct manipulation of cubic or Bezier handles in the graph of the CHOP.

• Creates vibrations influenced by the input channels, as if a mass was attached to a spring.

• Caches the input motion in the node on command, and then uses it as the node’s output.

• Stashes the bone transforms and pose-drivers for use by the Pose-Space Deform SOP and Pose-Space Edit SOP nodes.

• Preserves the shape of channels and the sampling rate, but resamples the channels into a new interval.

• Allows for the simplification of complex networks by collapsing several CHOPs into one.

• Control the flow of channels through a CHOPnet.

• This converts an input node in Current Frame mode to a Time Range mode by re-cooking it multiple times.

• This time-shifts a CHOP, re-cooking the node using different time.

• Takes translate, rotate, and/or scale channels and transforms them.

• Contains a VOP network that can manipulate transform data.

• Combines a chain of translate, rotate, and/or scale channels.

• Adds an audio-style attack/decay/sustain/release (ADSR) envelope to all trigger points in the input channels.

• Shortens or lengthens the input’s channels.

• This function is a sub-set of the waveform CHOP.

• Performs vector operations on a set or sets of channels.

• The Voice Split CHOP takes an audio track and separates words out into different channels.

• The Voice Sync CHOP detects phonemes in an audio channel given some audio phoneme samples and pro…

• Time-warps the channels of the first input (the Pre-Warp Channels) using one warping channel in the second input.

• Creates a waveform that is repeated.