# Tube geometry node

Creates open or closed tubes, cones, or pyramids.

Create cones by entering a value of zero for either the top or bottom radius in the Parameters.

## Placing a Tube in the viewer

To...Do this

Place the tube anywhere in the scene

1. Click the Tube tool on the Create tab.

2. Move the cursor into the scene view.

3. Click to place the tube anywhere in the scene view.

If you press Enter without clicking, Houdini places the tube at the origin.

Place the tube at the origin

Press ⌃ Ctrl + on the Tube tool on the shelf.

## Parameters

Primitive Type

The type of geometry to be created.

Connectivity

How the surface of the tube is constructed.

Orientation

Primary axis of the tube.

End Caps

Creates end caps on the tube.

Consolidate Corner Points

When enabled, end caps will share points with the sides of the tube, if Primitive Type is set to Polygon or Polygon Soup.

Adds vertex normals to the tube, so that it will have an explicit cusped appearance.

Center

Offset of tube center from object origin.

Rotate

Rotation about the center of the tube.

Top and bottom radii of the tube.

Height

The height of the tube.

Rows

Number of rows in tube.

Columns

Number of columns in tube.

U Order

Order of NURBS/Bezier curve in U direction.

V Order

Order of NURBS/Bezier curve in V direction.

Imperfect

Approximates surface using non-rational points.

## Examples

The following examples include this node.

DynamicLights Example for Dynamics channel node

This example demonstrates how to use the Dynamics CHOP to extract impact data from a DOPs simulation, and then modify the data to control lights in the scene.

ExtractTransforms Example for Dynamics channel node

This example demonstrates the use of the Dynamics CHOP to pull transformation information out of a DOP simulation and apply it to Objects.

HoldLight Example for Hold channel node

This example uses the Hold CHOP in conjunction with the Dynamics CHOP to hold a light at the position of an impact from a DOPs simulation until a new impact occurs.

ObjectBasic Example for Object channel node

This file demonstrates the Object CHOP.

The CHOP is used to bring in the channel information from a Object.

This data can then be manipulated within CHOPs and exported back into the Object, or even a different Operator.

ApplyRelationship Example for Apply Relationship dynamics node

This example shows how you can use the Apply Relationship DOP to add pin constraints to wire objects.

BridgeCollapse Example for Apply Relationship dynamics node

This example shows how to use the Apply Relationship DOP to propagate constraints automatically and create an RBD simulation of a collapsing bridge.

PanelledClothRuffles Example for Cloth Object dynamics node

This example demonstraits a paneling workflow and use of the seamangle primitive attribute to create a cloth ruffle attached to a static object.

ControlledGlueBreaking Example for Constraint Network dynamics node

This example shows how to gradually remove glue bonds from a constraint network and control the crumbling of a building.

FollowTerrain Example for Crowd Solver dynamics node

This example demonstrates how to set up a crowd simulation where agents are oriented to follow the terrain normal.

Street Crowd Example Example for Crowd Solver dynamics node

Crowd example showing a street setup with two agent groups

The setup creates two groups of agents. The yellow agents are zombies which follow a path of the street. The blue agents are living pedestrians that wander around until they come into proximity of the zombies and then they swtich into a running state.

Triggers to change agent states are setup in the crowd_sim dopnet. The zombies group uses proximity to the stoplights and the color of the light to transition into a standing state when lights are red. The living group transition into a running state when they get close to the zombie agents.

FlipColumn Example for FLIP Solver dynamics node

This example demonstrates how a mixture of fluid colours can have their colour changed by a collision with a static object.

VariableViscosity Example for FLIP Solver dynamics node

This example demonstrates interaction between three fluids of varying viscosity and a moving collision object.

CombinedSmoke Example for Gas Embed Fluid dynamics node

In this example, two smoke volumes are merged together using a Gas Embed Fluid DOP and some feathering to help provide a smoother transition between the volumes.

This example demonstrates the use of viscous and elastic forces in a particle-based fluid to generate viscoelastic fluid behaviour. The result is a fluid-like object that tends to resist deformation and retain its shape.

This example demonstrates how to use POP Advect by Volumes to advect particles using the velocity from a smoke simulation.

PointAttraction Example for POP Attract dynamics node

This example demonstrates how to use the POP Attract node with it’s type set to Point in order to control particle attraction on a per point basis.

LookatTarget Example for POP Lookat dynamics node

This interactive example demonstrates the use of the POP Lookat node. Hit play and move the green target handle around in the viewport. The cone particles will orient themselves towards the target as you move it around.

ShatterDebris Example for RBD Fractured Object dynamics node

This example demonstrates the how the shatter, RBD Fractured Object, and Debris shelf tools can be used to create debris emanating from fractured pieces of geometry.

First, the Shatter tool (from the Model tool shelf) is used on the glass to define the fractures. Then the RBD Fracture tool is used on the glass to create RBD objects out of the fractured pieces. Then the Debris tool is used on the RBD fractured objects to create debris.

This example shows how one can control the break up of any glued object through the use of the RBD State node.

In this version of the choreographed breakup example, a moving plane is used to choreograph the breakup of a fractured tube. As the plane passes each piece, it is allowed to break off from the rest of the tube.

FractureExamples Example for Voronoi Fracture Solver dynamics node

This example actually includes eight examples of ways that you can use voronoi fracturing in Houdini. In particular, it shows how you can use the Voronoi Fracture Solver and the Voronoi Fracture Configure Object nodes in your fracture simulations. Turn on the display flags for these examples one at a time to play the animation and dive down into each example to examine the setup.

TurbulentSmoke Example for Wind Force dynamics node

This example illustrates how the Wind DOP can be used to add turbulence to a fluid simulation.

TubeCaustic Example for Indirect Light object node

This example shows how to set up the indirectlight object for caustic photon map generation and also how light masks and photon targets should be used. The scene consists of a reflective tube and a point and environment light. Each light has a corresponding indirectlight to generate caustics, with the light mask configured to allow the light to generate photons only from the specified light. The photon target is used to ensure that photons are only sent toward the reflective tube. The mantra ROP will produce deep raster planes for the direct_diffuse component on a per-light basis, showing the diffuse illumination from the two lights and the caustics split into separate planes.

switchcamera Example for Switcher object node

In this example, we demonstrate how a switcher node can be used to switch the view between two cameras and then used by the render node to output the scene.

Volume Rendering - File Referenced Smoke Example for Mantra render node

Volume rendering is a rendering approach that allows high-quality, integrated rendering of volumetric effects like smoke, clouds, spray, and fire.

Volume rendering is suitable for rendering many types of volumetric effects. Scenes that are particularly suited to rendering with mantra volumes include:

• Detailed "hero" clouds, smoke, or fire

• Fields of instanced clouds, smoke, or fire

Scenes where volume rendering may not be quite so applicable include:

• Scenes with a single uniform fog

In this particular example, a bgeo file (1 frame only) was exported from a fluid simulation of smoke and is now referenced using the File SOP. A material using VEX Volume Cloud is assigned to this volumetric data at the top level of the Volume Object. To see this scene in shaded mode, ensure that HOUDINI_OGL_ENABLE_SHADERS is set to 1 in the environment variables.

## Controlling Quality/Performance

Volume rendering uses ray marching to step through volumes. Ray marching generates shading points in the volume by uniformly stepping along rays for each pixel in the image. There are two ways to change the quality and speed of the volume ray marching:

1. The samples parameter on the Sampling tab of the mantra ROP. More pixel samples will produce more ray marches within that pixel leading to higher quality. Using more pixel samples will also improve antialiasing and motion blur quality for the volume.

2. The volumesteprate parameter on the Sampling tab of the mantra ROP. A larger volume step rate will produce more samples in the volume interior, improving quality and decreasing performance. A separate shadow step rate can be used for shadows.

Which parameter you should change will depend on your quality requirements for pixel antialiasing. In general, it is better to decrease the volume step size rather than increase the pixel samples because a smaller volume step size will lead to more accurate renders.

This render uses 2×2 samples and volume step rate of 1. Notice the detail in the shadows.

This render uses the same scene with 4×4 samples and a volume step rate of 0.25. The fine detail in the shadow has been lost and the volume is somewhat more transparent. The quality level is approximately the same.

Down Hill Lava Flow Example for Material shader node

In this file we create a downhill lava flow with crust gathering and hardening at the base of the slope. All of the animation is achieved through the shader itself, and all of the geometry is completely static.

AlignTube Example for Align geometry node

This example demonstrates how the UV information on surfaces, NURBS in this example, are used by the Align SOP to orient one object to another’s surface.

UV reference parameters in the Align SOP can be animated as shown in the align_tube example.

Animating UV parameters leads to the translation and rotation of the aligned geometries along one another’s surface in various ways.

BoxSpring Example for Box geometry node

The Box SOP is used for more than just creating boxes. It can also envelop existing geometry for specific purposes.

The Box SOP can either create a simple six-sided polygon box, calculate the bounding box size for geometry, or be used in conjunction with the Lattice SOP.

There are two objects within the box.hip file that are examples of this:

• animated_bounding_box

The animated_bounding_box object shows how you can envelope an object and surround it with a simple box, even if it is animated. This can be useful when displaying complicated geometry, in which case you would put the display flag on the box object and the render flag on the complicated geometry.

• box_spring_lattice

This is an example, a Lattice SOP used in conjunction with the Box SOP. The Box SOP is used to envelope some geometry, in this case a sphere. Divisions is checked to create the proper geometry by referencing the number of divisions in the Lattice SOP.

The top points of the box are grouped by a Group SOP. The Spring SOP uses these points as the Fixed Points from which to create the deformation.

Using the Box SOP in this way allows you to change the incoming geometry (the basic_sphere in this case) and have the box and lattice automatically re-size for you.

BulgeTube Example for Bulge geometry node

The Bulge SOP is used to deform geometry using a metaball as a magnet force.

The magnitude of the magnet force can be adusted in the Bulge SOP.

The parameters in the Metaball SOP may also be adjusted to modify the final effect of the Bulge SOP on the deforming geometry.

CapTubeExamples Example for Cap geometry node

This example contains different variations on how to cap a tube.

There are three geometry types that are able to be capped – NURBS, mesh, and Bezier.

Each geometry type contains examples of different cap types – faceted, shared, rounded, and tangential.

For a better description of cap types, please open the help card in the Cap SOP.

CopySpikes Example for Carve geometry node

This network contains an example of how the Carve SOP can extract 3D Isoparametric Curves from a surface, and how those curves may be used as a copy template.

The Carve SOP can be used to slice a primitive, cut it into multiple sections, or extract points or cross-sections from it.

In this example, the Extract option has been used to Extract 3D Isoparametric Curve(s). A series of disk-like shapes are created as the Carve SOP extracts curves from points around the surface with the same V Directional value.

It then uses the points along those curves as a template on which to copy sourced geometry.

ClipVariations Example for Clip geometry node

This network compares the various ways in which the Clip SOP can be used with geometry. Depending on what parts of the clipped geometry we want to keep, different effects are achievable.

The Clip SOP can also be used as a grouping tool by specify group boundaries with clip planes.

Clip planes can be animated. Play the animation to view the results.

This example displays the various ways in which a Cookie SOP operates.

This example demonstrates how to perform boolean operations using the Cookie SOP.

In this instance, the points are consolidated using a Facet SOP and a Divide SOP is used to create a smooth surface for the Cookie SOP to operate on.

StampRandom Example for Copy Stamp geometry node

In this example, the Copy SOP is used to randomly copy various objects onto points of a given template geometry. We use the stamp capability of the Copy SOP for our purpose. Furthermore, the entire process is kept procedural so that we have the option of determining the type and the number of geometries to be copied and the kind of template to be used.

Inside the Stamp tab of the Copy SOP we create a variable named "switch" which will drive the input value of the Select Input parameter in the Switch SOP. In turn, the Copy SOP is able to copy at random any number of input geometry to template points.

CreepSpiral Example for Creep geometry node

This example shows how to spiral a line geometry over a tube surface using the Creep SOP.

DeltaMushDemo Example for DeltaMush geometry node

This example demonstrates how the Delta Mush SOP is used to smooth out bone deformation.

ProxyGeometry Example for Dop Import geometry node

This example demonstrates a technique of using the DOP Import SOP to allow the use of proxy geometry in a DOP simulation. One set of geometries are used in the simulation, then the transform information for those objects is applied to higher resolution versions of the geometry.

DirectedEdgesPath Example for Find Shortest Path geometry node

This is an example of how to use the FindShortestPath SOP to find a path through geometry where certain edges are directed edges. Directed edges can only be traversed in one direction.

Try changing the start and end points, as well as the directed edges, to explore how the SOP avoids going the wrong direction, and cannot reach points with only outgoing edges.

This example demonstrates how to cool Lava using the Cool Within Object shelf tool.

This example shows how to use the For Each SOP to individually boolean a bunch of self intersecting spheres with a cheese wedge.

FurBallWorkflow Example for Fur geometry node

This example demonstrates how the Fur SOP and Mantra Fur Procedural can be applied to an animated skin geometry. CVEX shaders are used to apply a custom look to the hairs based upon attributes assigned to the geometry.

glueclusterexample Example for Glue Cluster geometry node

This example shows how to use the gluecluster SOP and glue constraint networks to cluster together the pieces of a voronoi fracture. This allows clustering to be used with Bullet without introducing concave objects.

This example demonstrates how to have multiple shading layers with different uv sets using the Layer SOP and the VEX Layered Surface SHOP.

MagnetDistortion Example for Magnet geometry node

This example demonstrates some of the various ways to use the Magnet SOP.

It can be used to affect point position, point color, point normals, and velocity.

This example shows the ability of the Particle SOP to define a default Size for any given birthed particle.

A simple Grid can be used to create a dynamic solution of particles streaming off as if blown by the wind. As these particles leave the grid, their size slowly diminishes, as the particle continues to die.

AimPointNormals Example for Point geometry node

This is an example of how to use the Point SOP to orient point normals along a path. This allows for control over the orientation of geometry when copied onto points.

Points are extracted along a spiral on a per frame basis using an expression in the Carve SOP. A cone is copied to these points sequentially and results in an animation along the path.

This example demonstrates how to cap off a hole in a piece of geometry using the Poly Cap SOP.

PolyextrudeTube Example for Poly Extrude geometry node

This example demonstrates how to extrude geometry using the Poly Extrude SOP, as well as demonstrating the different extrude controls, Global and Local.

ProjectCurve Example for Project geometry node

This example shows the Project SOP projecting a Circle onto a Tube geometry.

By projecting along a vector the Circle profile is attached to the tube. With the use of a Trim SOP the profile can then be used to cut holes in the Tube.

RayWrap Example for Ray geometry node

The Ray SOP projects one object over the surface contours of another.

It does so by calculating the collisions of the projected object’s normals with the surface geometry of the collided object.

In this example, a Grid is wrapped over the surface of a deformed Sphere using the Ray SOP.

A Facet SOP is used to correct the normals of the wrapped Grid after it is deformed over the surface.

RBDConstraints Example for RBD Constraints From Lines geometry node

This example demonstrates the use of the RBD Constraints from Lines, RBD Constraints from Curves and RBD Constraints from Rules SOPs.

BasicRest Example for Rest Position geometry node

The Rest Position SOP creates an attribute based on the surface normals that allows a shader to stick to a deforming surface.

All primitives support the rest attribute, but, in the case of quadric primitives (circle, tube, sphere and metaball primitives), the rest position is only translational. This means that rest normals will not work correctly for these primitive types either.

Use the Rest Position SOP only when you are deforming your geometry and you are assigning volumetric or solid materials/patterns in your shader.

Rest normals are required if feathering is used on polygons and meshes in Mantra. NURBs/Beziers will use the rest position to compute the correct resting normals.

It will be necessary to render the setup in order to see the effect.

SpikyDeformingTorus Example for Scatter geometry node

This example demonstrates how you can use the Scatter SOP with the Attribute Interpolate SOP to easily adjust scattered points to stay consistent on deforming geometry.

ProjectionTypes Example for UV Project geometry node

This example demonstrates the various projection types supported by the uvproject SOP.

ArmLayer Example for Vellum Solver geometry node

This example demonstrates using the `layer` point attribute to improve collisions when simulating multiple layers of Vellum cloth.

ArmTarget Example for Vellum Solver geometry node

This example demonstrates using Pin to Target constraints to attract Vellum cloth to capture / deformed geometry.

RaytraceVopShader Example for Ray Trace VOP node

This example demonstrates a simple ray traced shader using a vop vex network. To modify the shader properties, create a properties shader in the material and connect it to the output shaders node. You can then add rendering parameters to the properties node. For example to control the number of reflection bounces, you would add the reflect limit parameter.

# Geometry nodes

• Removes elements while trying to maintain the overall appearance.

• Creates Points or Polygons, or adds points/polys to an input.

• Creates agent primitives.

• Adds new clips to agent primitives.

• Adds new clips to agent primitives.

• Defines how agents' animation clips should be played back.

• Creates geometry describing possible transitions between animation clips.

• Creates a new agent layer that is suitable for collision detection.

• Creates point attributes that specify the rotation limits of an agent’s joints.

• Builds a constraint network to hold an agent’s limbs together.

• Writes agent definition files to disk.

• Edits properties of agent primitives.

• Adds a new layer to agent primitives.

• Adjusts the head of an agent to look at a specific object or position.

• Adjusts the head of an agent to look at a specific object or position.

• Adds various common point attributes to agents for use by other crowd nodes.

• Adds various common point attributes to agents for use by other crowd nodes.

• Provides simple proxy geometry for an agent.

• Creates parent-child relationships between agents.

• Adapts agents' legs to conform to terrain and prevent the feet from sliding.

• Adds new transform groups to agent primitives.

• Extracts geometry from agent primitives.

• Extracts geometry from agent primitives for a Vellum simulation.

• Loads the geometry from an Alembic scene archive (.abc) file into a geometry network.

• Creates a geometry group for Alembic primitives.

• Modifies intrinsic properties of Alembic primitives.

• Aligns a group of primitives to each other or to an auxiliary input.

• Cleans up a series of break operations and creates the resulting pieces.

• Blurs out (or "relaxes") points in a mesh or a point cloud.

• Changes the size/precision Houdini uses to store an attribute.

• Composites vertex, point, primitive, and/or detail attributes between two or more selections.

• Copies attributes between groups of vertices, points, or primitives.

• Adds or edits user defined attributes.

• Deletes point and primitive attributes.

• Allows simple VEX expressions to modify attributes.

• Fades a point attribute in and out over time.

• Interpolates attributes within primitives or based on explicit weights.

• Copies and flips attributes from one side of a plane to another.

• Adds noise to attributes of the incoming geometry.

• Promotes or demotes attributes from one geometry level to another.

• Generates random attribute values of various distributions.

• Renames or deletes point and primitive attributes.

• Modifies point attributes based on differences between two models.

• Edits string attribute values.

• Copies, moves, or swaps the contents of attributes.

• Transfers vertex, point, primitive, and/or detail attributes between two models.

• Transfers attributes between two geometries based on UV proximity.

• Runs a VOP network to modify geometry attributes.

• Runs a VEX snippet to modify attribute values.

• Samples texture map information to a point attribute.

• Copies information from a volume onto the point attributes of another piece of geometry, with optional remapping.

• Converts primitives for ODE and Bullet solvers.

• Computes lighting values within volume primitives

• Provides operations for moving knots within the parametric space of a NURBS curve or surface.

• Applies deformations such as bend, taper, squash/stretch, and twist.

• Deletes primitives, points, edges or breakpoints.

• Computes a 3D metamorphosis between shapes with the same topology.

• Computes a 3D metamorphosis between shapes with the same topology.

• The start of a looping block.

• The start of a compile block.

• The end/output of a looping block.

• The end/output of a compile block.

• Supports Bone Deform by assigning capture weights to bones.

• Supports Deform by assigning capture weights to points based on biharmonic functions on tetrahedral meshes.

• Supports Bone Capture Biharmonic by creating lines from bones with suitable attributes.

• Supports Bone Deform by assigning capture weights to points based on distance to bones.

• Uses capture attributes created from bones to deform geometry according to their movement.

• Creates default geometry for Bone objects.

• Combines two polygonal objects with boolean operators, or finds the intersection lines between two polygonal objects.

• Fractures the input geometry using cutting surfaces.

• Creates a bounding box, sphere, or rectangle for the input geometry.

• Creates a cube or six-sided rectangular box.

• Deforms the points in the first input using one or more magnets from the second input.

• Records and caches its input geometry for faster playback.

• Closes open areas with flat or rounded coverings.

• Converts array attributes into a single index-pair capture attribute.

• Converts a single index-pair capture attribute into per-point and detail array attributes.

• Adjusts capture regions and capture weights.

• Lets you paint capture attributes directly onto geometry.

• Copies capture attributes from one half of a symmetric model to the other.

• Overrides the capture weights on individual points.

• Supports Capture and Deform operation by creating a volume within which points are captured to a bone.

• Slices, cuts or extracts points or cross-sections from a primitive.

• Reads sample data from a chop and converts it into point positions and point attributes.

• Creates open or closed arcs, circles and ellipses.

• Lets you deform NURBS faces and NURBS surfaces by pulling points that lie directly on them.

• Helps clean up dirty models.

• Removes or groups geometry on one side of a plane, or creases geometry along a plane.

• Captures low-res simulated cloth.

• Deforms geometry captured by the Cloth Capture SOP.

• Creates a volume representation of source geometry.

• Fills a volume with a diffuse light.

• Applies a cloud like noise to a Fog volume.

• Low-level machinery to cluster points based on their positions (or any vector attribute).

• Higher-level node to cluster points based on their positions (or any vector attribute).

• Creates geometry and VDB volumes for use with DOPs collisions.

• Adds color attributes to geometry.

• Adjust surface point normals by painting.

• Creates lines between nearby pieces.

• Creates an attribute with a unique value for each set of connected primitives or points.

• Creates simple geometry for use as control shapes.

• Converts geometry from one geometry type to another.

• Converts a 2D height field to a 3D VDB volume, polygon surface, or polygon soup surface.

• Converts the input geometry into line segments.

• Polygonizes metaball geometry.

• Generates the oriented surface of a tetrahedron mesh.

• Converts sparse volumes.

• Converts a Point Cloud into a VDB Points Primitive, or vice versa.

• Converts the iso-surface of a volume into a polygonal surface.

• Decomposes the input geometry into approximate convex segments.

• Creates multiple copies of the input geometry, or copies the geometry onto the points of the second input.

• Copies geometry and applies transformations to the copies.

• Copies the geometry in the first input onto the points of the second input.

• Manually adds or removes a creaseweight attribute to/from polygon edges, for use with the Subdivide SOP.

• Deforms and animates a piece of geometry across a surface.

• Populates a crowd of agent primitives.

• Creates crowd agents to be used with the crowd solver.

• Creates polygonal, NURBS, or Bezier curves.

• Deforms a spline surface by reshaping a curve on the surface.

• Finds the intersections (or points of minimum distance) between two or more curves or faces.

• Imports fields from DOP simulations, saves them to disk, and loads them back again.

• Imports scalar and vector fields from a DOP simulation.

• Imports option and record data from DOP simulations into points with point attributes.

• Generates point emission sources for debris from separating fractured rigid body objects.

• Runs a VEX snippet to deform geometry.

• Deletes input geometry by group, entity number, bounding volume, primitive/point/edge normals, and/or degeneracy.

• Smooths out (or "relaxes") point deformations.

• Attempts to prevent collisions when deforming geometry.

• Deletes edges from the input polygonal geometry merging polygons with shared edges.

• Deletes points, primitives, and edges from the input geometry and repairs any holes left behind.

• Divides, smooths, and triangulates polygons.

• Imports and transforms geometry based on information extracted from a DOP simulation.

• Creates a curve based on user input in the viewport.

• Culls the input geometry according to the specifications of the For Each SOP.

• Collapses edges and faces to their centerpoints.

• Sharpens edges by uniquing their points and recomputing point normals.

• Inserts points on the edges of polygons and optionally connects them.

• Flips the direction of polygon edges.

• Cuts geometry along edges using guiding curves.

• Copies and optionally modifies attribute values along edges networks and curves.

• Edits points, edges, or faces interactively.

• Closes, opens, or clamps end points.

• Sets an attribute on selected points or primitives to sequential numbers.

• Generates a message, warning, or error, which can show up on a parent asset.

• Pushes geometry out from the center to create an exploded view.

• Pushes geometry out from the center to create an exploded view.

• Computes the centroid of each piece of the geometry.

• Computes the best-fit transform between two pieces of geometry.

• Extrudes geometry along a normal.

• Extrudes surface geometry into a volume.

• Creates a surface or density VDB for sourcing FLIP simulations.

• Controls the smoothness of faceting of a surface.

• Adds smooth distance attributes to geometry.

• Evolves polygonal curves as vortex filaments.

• Reads, writes, or caches geometry on disk.

• Writes and reads geometry sequences to disk.

• Reads and collates data from disk.

• Creates smooth bridging geometry between two curves or surfaces.

• Finds the shortest paths from start points to end points, following the edges of a surface.

• Fits a spline curve to points, or a spline surface to a mesh of points.

• Compresses the output of fluid simulations to decrease size on disk

• Creates 3D text from Type 1, TrueType and OpenType fonts.

• Uses a metaball to attract or repel points or springs.

• Creates jagged mountain-like divisions of the input geometry.

• Creates a set of hair-like curves across a surface.

• Merges points.

• Merges or splits (uniques) points.

• Adds strength to a glue constraint network according to cluster values.

• Generates particles to be used as sources in a particle-based grain simulation.

• Assigns a unique integer attribute to non-touching components.

• Creates planar geometry.

• Blends the guides and skin of two grooms.

• Fetches groom data from grooming objects.

• Packs the components of a groom into a set of named Packed Primitives for the purpose of writing it to disk.

• Switches between all components of two groom streams.

• Unpacks the components of a groom from a packed groom.

• Generates groups of points, primitives, edges, or vertices according to various criteria.

• Combines point groups, primitive groups, or edge groups according to boolean operations.

• Copies groups between two pieces of geometry, based on point/primitive numbers.

• Deletes groups of points, primitives, edges, or vertices according to patterns.

• Runs VEX expressions to modify group membership.

• Sets group membership interactively by painting.

• Converts point, primitive, edge, or vertex groups into point, primitive, edge, or vertex groups.

• Groups points and primitives by ranges.

• Renames groups according to patterns.

• Transfers groups between two pieces of geometry, based on proximity.

• Advects guide points through a velocity volume.

• Resolves collisions of guide curves with VDB signed distance fields.

• Deforms geometry with an animated skin and optionally guide curves.

• Allows intuitive manipulation of guide curves in the viewport.

• Creates standard primitive groups used by grooming tools.

• Quickly give hair guides some initial direction.

• Creates masking attributes for other grooming operations.

• Creates and prepares parting lines for use with hair generation.

• Looks up skin geometry attributes under the root point of guide curves.

• Constructs a coherent tangent space along a curve.

• Transfer hair guides between geometries.

• Converts dense hair curves to a polygon card, keeping the style and shape of the groom.

• Clumps guide curves together.

• Generates hair on a surface or from points.

• Generates a velocity field based on stroke primitives.

• Generates an initial heightfield volume for use with terrain tools.

• Blurs a terrain height field or mask.

• Limits height values to a certain minimum and/or maximum.

• Creates a copy of a height field or mask.

• Extracts a square of a certain width/length from a larger height volume, or resizes/moves the boundaries of the height field.

• Creates a cutout on a terrain based on geometry.

• Displaces a height field by another field.

• Advects the input volume through a noise pattern to break up hard edges and add variety.

• Lets you draw shapes to create a mask for height field tools.

• Calculates thermal and hydraulic erosion over time (frames) to create more realistic terrain.

• Calculates thermal and hydraulic erosion over time (frames) to create more realistic terrain.

• Simulates the erosion from one heightfield sliding over another for a short time.

• Distributes water along a heightfield. Offers controls for adjusting the intensity, variability, and location of rainfall.

• Calculates the effect of thermal erosion on terrain for a short time.

• Imports a 2D image map from a file or compositing node into a height field or mask.

• Generates flow and flow direction layers according to the input height layer.

• Copies another layer over the mask layer, and optionally flattens the height field.

• Composites together two height fields.

• Sets all values in a heightfield layer to a fixed value.

• Sets the border voxel policy on a height field volume.

• Creates a mask based on different features of the height layer.

• Creates a mask based some other geometry.

• Creates a mask where the input terrain is hollow/depressed, for example riverbeds and valleys.

• Adds vertical noise to a height field, creating peaks and valleys.

• Exports height and/or mask layers to disk as an image.

• Lets you paint values into a height or mask field using strokes.

• Patches features from one heightfield to another.

• Adds displacement in the form of a ramps, steps, stripes, Voronoi cells, or other patterns.

• Projects 3D geometry into a height field.

• Applies a material that lets you plug in textures for different layers.

• Remaps the values in a height field or mask layer.

• Changes the resolution of a height field.

• Scatters points across the surface of a height field.

• Scatters points across the surface of a height field.

• Simulates loose material sliding down inclines and piling at the bottom.

• Creates stepped plains from slopes in the terrain.

• Stitches height field tiles back together.

• Splits a height field volume into rows and columns.

• Height field specific scales and offsets.

• Visualizes elevations using a custom ramp material, and mask layers using tint colors.

• Makes holes in surfaces.

• Deforms the points in the first input to make room for the inflation tool.

• Instances Geometry on Points.

• Creates points with attributes at intersections between a triangle and/or curve mesh with itself, or with an optional second set of triangles and/or curves.

• Composes triangle surfaces and curves together into a single connected mesh.

• Processes its inputs using the operation of a referenced compiled block.

• Builds an offset surface from geometry.

• Generates an isometric surface from an implicit function.

• The Join op connects a sequence of faces or surfaces into a single primitive that inherits their attributes.

• Divides, deletes, or groups geometry based on an interactively drawn line.

• Creates fractal geometry from the recursive application of simple rules.

• Deforms geometry based on how you reshape control geometry.

• Reads a lidar file and imports a point cloud from its data.

• Creates polygon or NURBS lines from a position, direction, and distance.

• Animates points using an MDD file.

• Deforms geometry by using another piece of geometry to attract or repel points.

• Aligns the input geometry to a specific axis.

• Resizes and recenters the geometry according to reference geometry.

• Reorders the primitive and point numbers of the input geometry to match some reference geometry.

• Assigns one or more materials to geometry.

• Measures area, volume, or curvature of individual elements or larger pieces of a geometry and puts the results in attributes.

• Measures volume, area, and perimeter of polygons and puts the results in attributes.

• Merges geometry from its inputs.

• Defines groupings of metaballs so that separate groupings are treated as separate surfaces when merged.

• Creates metaballs and meta-superquadric surfaces.

• Duplicates and mirrors geometry across a mirror plane.

• Displaces points along their normals based on fractal noise.

• Displaces points along their normals based on fractal noise.

• Supports Muscle Deform by assigning capture weights to points based on distance away from given primitives

• Deforms a surface mesh representing skin to envelop or drape over geometry representing muscles

• Creates a "naming" attribute on points or primitives allowing you to refer to them easily, similar to groups.

• Computes surface normal attribute.

• Does nothing.

• Merges geometry from multiple sources and allows you to define the manner in which they are grouped together and transformed.

• Assists the creation of a Muscle or Muscle Rig by allowing you to draw a stroke on a projection surface.

• Deforms input geometry based on ocean "spectrum" volumes.

• Deforms input geometry based on ocean "spectrum" volumes.

• Generates particle-based foam

• Generates particles and volumes from ocean "spectrum" volumes for use in simulations

• Generates particles and volumes from ocean "spectrum" volumes for use in simulations

• Generates volumes containing information for simulating ocean waves.

• Instances individual waveforms onto input points and generated points.

• Executes an OpenCL kernel on geometry.

• Marks the output of a sub-network.

• Packs geometry into an embedded primitive.

• Packs points into a tiled grid of packed primitives.

• Editing Packed Disk Primitives.

• Editing Packed Primitives.

• Lets you paint color or other attributes on geometry.

• Creates a color volume based on drawn curve

• Creates a fog volume based on drawn curve

• Creates an SDF volume based on drawn curve

• Generates a surface around the particles from a particle fluid simulation.

• Creates a set of regular points filling a tank.

• Places points and primitives into groups based on a user-supplied rule.

• Moves primitives, points, edges or breakpoints along their normals.

• Creates a planar polygonal patch.

• Fills in a 2d curve network with triangles.

• Deforms flat geometry into a pleat.

• Creates platonic solids of different types.

• Manually adds or edits point attributes.

• Constructs an iso surface from its input points.

• Deforms geometry on an arbitrary connected point mesh.

• Creates new points, optionally based on point positions in the input geometry.

• Jitters points in random directions.

• Moves points with overlapping radii away from each other, optionally on a surface.

• Generates a cloud of points around the input points.

• Computes and manipulates velocities for points of a geometry.

• Creates set of regular points filling a volume.

• Creates flat or tube-shaped polygon surfaces between source and destination edge loops, with controls for the shape of the bridge.

• Creates offset polygonal geometry for planar polygonal graphs.

• Extrudes polygonal faces and edges.

• Creates straight, rounded, or custom fillets along edges and corners.

• Bevels points and edges.

• Breaks curves where an attribute crosses a threshold.

• Helps repair invalid polygonal geometry, such as for cloth simulation.

• Extrudes polygonal faces and edges.

• Fills holes with polygonal patches.

• Creates coordinate frame attributes for points and vertices.

• Creates new polygons using existing points.

• Creates a smooth polygonal patch from primitives.

• Cleans up topology of polygon curves.

• Reduces the number of polygons in a model while retaining its shape. This node preserves features, attributes, textures, and quads during reduction.

• Combines polygons into a single primitive that can be more efficient for many polygons

• The PolySpline SOP fits a spline curve to a polygon or hull and outputs a polygonal approximation of that spline.

• Divides an existing polygon into multiple new polygons.

• Divides an existing polygon into multiple new polygons.

• Stitches polygonal surfaces together, attempting to remove cracks.

• Constructs polygonal tubes around polylines, creating renderable geometry with smooth bends and intersections.

• Interpolates between a set of pose-shapes based on the value of a set of drivers.

• Combine result of Pose-Space Deform with rest geometry.

• Packs geometry edits for pose-space deformation.

• Creates common attributes used by the Pose-Space Edit SOP.

• Edits primitive, primitive attributes, and profile curves.

• Takes a primitive attribute and splits any points whose primitives differ by more than a specified tolerance at that attribute.

• Extracts or manipulates profile curves.

• Creates profile curves on surfaces.

• Creates points for sourcing pyro and smoke simulations.

• Runs a Python snippet to modify the incoming geometry.

• Combines fractured pieces or constraints into larger clusters.

• Creates attributes describing rigid body constraints.

• Creates rigid body constraint geometry from curves drawn in the viewport.

• Creates rigid body constraint geometry from interactively drawn lines in the viewport.

• Creates rigid body constraint geometry from a set of rules and conditions.

• Creates additional detail on the interior surfaces of fractured geometry.

• Fractures the input geometry based on a material type.

• Fractures the input geometry based on a material type.

• Packs RBD geometry, constraints, and proxy geometry into a single geometry.

• Paints values onto geometry or constraints using strokes.

• Unpacks an RBD setup into three outputs.

• Attaches RenderMan shaders to groups of faces.

• Generates surfaces by stretching cross-sections between two guide rails.

• Projects one surface onto another.

• Increases the number of points/CVs in a curve or surface without changing its shape.

• Scatters new guides, interpolating the properties of existing guides.

• Recreates the shape of the input surface using "high-quality" (nearly equilateral) triangles.

• Repacks geometry as an embedded primitive.

• Resamples one or more curves or surfaces into even length segments.

• Sets the alignment of solid textures to the geometry so the texture stays put on the surface as it deforms.

• Retimes the time-dependent input geometry.

• Reverses or cycles the vertex order of faces.

• Revolves a curve around a center axis to sweep out a surface.

• Rewires vertices to different points specified by an attribute.

• Generates ripples by displacing points along the up direction specified.

• Scatters new points randomly across a surface or through a volume.

• Runs scripts when cooked.

• Lets you interactively reshape a surface by brushing.

• Morphs though a sequence of 3D shapes, interpolating geometry and attributes.

• Sequence Blend lets you do 3D Metamorphosis between shapes and Interpolate point position, colors…

• Computes the post-deform or pre-deform difference of two geometries with similar topologies.

• Computes the convex hull of the input geometry and moves its polygons inwards along their normals.

• Takes the convex hull of input geometry and moves its polygons inwards along their normals.

• Builds a skin surface between any number of shape curves.

• Creates a sky filled with volumentric clouds

• Smooths out (or "relaxes") polygons, meshes and curves without increasing the number of points.

• Smooths out (or "relaxes") polygons, meshes and curves without increasing the number of points.

• Moves the selected point along its normal, with smooth rolloff to surrounding points.

• Moves the selected point, with smooth rolloff to surrounding points.

• Creates a tetrahedral mesh that conforms to a connected mesh as much as possible.

• Creates a simple tetrahedral mesh that covers a connected mesh.

• Creates a partition of a tetrahedral mesh that can be used for finite-element fracturing.

• Allows running a SOP network iteratively over some input geometry, with the output of the network from the previous frame serving as the input for the network at the current frame.

• Reorders points and primitives in different ways, including randomly.

• Creates a sphere or ovoid surface.

• Splits primitives or points into two streams.

• Spray paints random points onto a surface.

• A SOP node that sets the sprite display for points.

• Insets points on polygonal faces.

• Caches the input geometry in the node on command, and then uses it as the node’s output.

• Stretches two curves or surfaces to cover a smooth area.

• Low level tool for building interactive assets.

• Subdivides polygons into smoother, higher-resolution polygons.

• The Subnet op is essentially a way of creating a macro to represent a collection of ops as a single op in the Network Editor.

• Trims or creates profile curves along the intersection lines between NURBS or bezier surfaces.

• Creates a surface by sweeping cross-sections along a backbone curve.

• Switches between network branches based on an expression or keyframe animation.

• Sends input geometry to a TOP subnet and retrieves the output geometry.

• Reads a CSV file creating point per row.

• Creates a rock creature, which can be used as test geometry.

• Creates a pig head, which can be used as test geometry..

• Creates a rubber toy, which can be used as test geometry.

• Creates a shader ball, which can be used to test shaders.

• Creates a squab, which can be used as test geometry.

• Creates a soldier, which can be used as test geometry.

• Provides a simple crowd simulation for testing transitions between animation clips.

• Provides a simple Bullet simulation for testing the behavior of a ragdoll.

• Partitions a given tetrahedron mesh into groups of tets isolated by a given polygon mesh

• Performs variations of a Delaunay Tetrahedralization.

• Cooks the input at a different time.

• Sets attributes used by the Toon Color Shader and Toon Outline Shader.

• Lets you interactively draw a reduced quad mesh automatically snapped to existing geometry.

• Creates a torus (doughnut) shaped surface.

• Traces curves from an image file.

• Creates trails behind points.

• The Transform operation transforms the source geometry in "object space" using a transformation matrix.

• Transforms the input geometry relative to a specific axis.

• Transforms the input geometry by a point attribute.

• Transforms input geometry according to transformation attributes on template geometry.

• Creates a triangular Bezier surface.

• Refines triangular meshes using various metrics.

• Connects points to form well-shaped triangles.

• Trims away parts of a spline surface defined by a profile curve or untrims previous trims.

• Creates open or closed tubes, cones, or pyramids.

• Generates an edge group representing suggested seams for flattening a polygon model in UV space.

• Adjusts texture coordinates in the UV viewport by painting.

• Lets you interactively move UVs in the texture view.

• Creates flattened pieces in texture space from 3D geometry.

• Creates flattened pieces in texture space from 3D geometry.

• Merges UVs.

• Packs UV islands efficiently into a limited area.

• Relaxes UVs by pulling them out toward the edges of the texture area.

• Assigns UVs by projecting them onto the surface from a set direction.

• Applies an image file as a textured shader to a surface.

• Assigns texture UV coordinates to geometry for use in texture and bump mapping.

• Transforms UV texture coordinates on the source geometry.

• Transforms UV texture coordinates on the source geometry.

• Separates UVs into reasonably flat, non-overlapping groups.

• Processes geometry using an external program.

• Unpacks packed primitives.

• Unpacks points from packed primitives.

• Creates one or more empty/uniform VDB volume primitives.

• Activates voxel regions of a VDB for further processing.

• Expand or contract signed distance fields stored on VDB volume primitives.

• Moves VDBs in the input geometry along a VDB velocity field.

• Moves points in the input geometry along a VDB velocity field.

• Computes an analytic property of a VDB volumes, such as gradient or curvature.

• Clips VDB volume primitives using a bounding box or another VDB as a mask.

• Combines the values of two aligned VDB volumes in various ways.

• Tests VDBs for Bad Values and Repairs.

• Cuts level set VDB volume primitives into multiple pieces.

• Build an LOD Pyramid from a VDB.

• Blends between source and target SDF VDBs.

• Create a mask of the voxels in shadow from a camera for VDB primitives.

• Deletes points inside of VDB Points primitives.

• Manipulates the Internal Groups of a VDB Points Primitive.

• Computes the steady-state air flow around VDB obstacles.

• Removes divergence from a Vector VDB.

• Fixes signed distance fields stored in VDB volume primitives.

• Re-samples a VDB volume primitive into a new orientation and/or voxel size.

• Reshapes signed distance fields in VDB volume primitives.

• Splits SDF VDBs into connected components.

• Smooths out the values in a VDB volume primitive.

• Smooths out SDF values in a VDB volume primitive.

• Creates an SDF VDB based on the active set of another VDB.

• Merges three scalar VDB into one vector VDB.

• Splits a vector VDB primitive into three scalar VDB primitives.

• Replaces a VDB volume with geometry that visualizes its structure.

• Generates a signed distance field (SDF) VDB volume representing the surface of a set of particles from a particle fluid simulation.

• Converts point clouds and/or point attributes into VDB volume primitives.

• Converts polygonal surfaces and/or surface attributes into VDB volume primitives.

• Fills a VDB volume with adaptively-sized spheres.

• Configures geometry for Vellum Grain constraints.

• Configure constraints on geometry for the Vellum solvers.

• Vellum solver setup to pre-roll fabric to drape over characters.

• Packs Vellum simulations, saves them to disk, and loads them back again.

• Packs Vellum geometry and constraints into a single geometry.

• Applies common post-processing effects to the result of Vellum solves.

• Blends the current rest values of constraints with a rest state calculated from external geometry.

• Runs a dynamic Vellum simulation.

• Unpacks a Vellum simulation into two outputs.

• Verify that a bsdf conforms to the required interface.

• Manually adds or edits attributes on vertices (rather than on points).

• Takes a vertex attribute and splits any point whose vertices differ by more than a specified tolerance at that attribute.

• Shows/hides primitives in the 3D viewer and UV editor.

• Lets you attach visualizations to different nodes in a geometry network.

• Creates a volume primitive.

• Computes analytic properties of volumes.

• Computes a speed-defined travel time from source points to voxels.

• Blurs the voxels of a volume.

• Bounds voxel data.

• Cuts polygonal objects using a signed distance field volume.

• Re-compresses Volume Primitives.

• Convolves a volume by a 3×3×3 kernel.

• Compute the Fast Fourier Transform of volumes.

• Feathers the edges of volumes.

• Flattens many volumes into one volume.

• Combines the scalar fields of volume primitives.

• Translates the motion between two "image" volumes into displacement vectors.

• Fill in a region of a volume with features from another volume.

• Remaps a volume according to a ramp.

• Rasterizes into a volume.

• Samples point attributes into VDBs.

• Converts a curve into a volume.

• Converts fur or hair to a volume for rendering.

• Converts a point cloud into a volume.

• Converts a point cloud into a volume.

• Reduces the values of a volume into a single number.

• Resamples the voxels of a volume to a new resolution.

• Resizes the bounds of a volume without changing voxels.

• Builds a Signed Distance Field from an isocontour of a volume.

• Extracts 2d slices from volumes.

• Splices overlapping volume primitives together.

• Stamps volumes instanced on points into a single target volume.

• Adaptively surfaces a volume hierarchy with a regular triangle mesh.

• Computes a trail of points through a velocity volume.

• Runs CVEX on a set of volume primitives.

• Computes a velocity volume.

• Generates a volume velocity field using curve tangents.

• Generates a velocity field within a surface geometry.

• Adjusts attributes for multi-volume visualization.

• Runs a VEX snippet to modify voxel values in a volume.

• Sets the voxels of a volume from point attributes.

• Fractures the input geometry by performing a Voronoi decomposition of space around the input cell points

• Fractures the input geometry by performing a Voronoi decomposition of space around the input cell points

• Given an object and points of impact on the object, this SOP generates a set of points that can be used as input to the Voronoi Fracture SOP to simulate fracturing the object from those impacts.

• Cuts the geometry into small pieces according to a set of cuts defined by polylines.

• Creates the point attributes needed to create a Vortex Force DOP.

• Generates volumes to be used as sources in a whitewater simulation.

• Generates emission particles and volumes to be used as sources in a Whitewater simulation.

• Computes generalized winding number of surface at query points.

• Morphs between curve shapes while maintaining curve length.

• Captures surfaces to a wire, allowing you to edit the wire to deform the surface.

• Deforms geometry captured to a curve via the Wire Capture node.

• Transfers the shape of one curve to another.

• Constructs polygonal tubes around polylines, creating renderable geometry.

• Assigns channel paths and/or pickscripts to geometry.